Some sessions have required readings. Others have recommended reading. The resources here are outlined by session.

Special Resource:

Session 1

On Rural

Reimer, Bill and Ray D. Bollman. (2010) “Understanding Rural Canada: Implications for Rural Development Policy and Rural Planning Policy.” Chapter 1 in David J.A. Douglas (ed.) Rural Planning and Development in Canada (Toronto: Nelson Education Ltd.).


Rivers, Rod. (2016) Policy Regulates Behaviours (Blog posted on March 28th to:


World Bank. (2009) Reshaping Economic Geography (Washington, D.C.: World Bank, World Development Report).


On the Policy Cycle and Policy Instruments (available as PDFs in the Resources folder in the dropbox)

Howard, C. 2005. “The Policy Cycle: A Model of Post-Machiavellian Policy Making?” Australian Journal of Public Administration 64(3): 3–13.


Howlett, Michael. 1991. “Policy Instruments, Policy Styles, and Policy Implementation.” Policy Studies Journal 19(2): 1–21.

Session 2

European University Institute, Florence. “Study on the Division of Powers between the European Union, Member States, and Regional and Local Authorities.”


I suggest reading the first chapter. There are individual chapters for each nation in the EU, so pick the country of your choice (for non-EU countries see below). It is interesting to note that even the word “government” has different meanings in different languages and in different countries.


Regional Governance, Institutions and Development. Michael Danson and Geoff Whittam. (University of Paisley-Scotland). The Web Book of Regional Science.  Regional Research Institute. West Virginia, University.


Bird, Richard M. “Fiscal federalism.” Tax Policy Center. n.d.


Deller, Steven C. 1998. “Local Government Structure, Devolution, and Privatization. Review of Agricultural Economics, 20 (1, Spring – Summer):135-154. Stable URL:  (Do the reading on the US).


Session 3

Reimer, B., & Brett, M. (2015). Scientific knowledge and rural policy: A long-distant relationship. Sociologia Ruralis, 53(3), 272-290. (Available as PDFs in the Resources folder in the dropbox)


Markey, S. (2011). A primer on new regionalism. Available at

Session 4

BCS 100: Introduction to the Circumpolar World. UArctic. Available at:


Betcher, Sarah. Tied to the Land (DATE). “Sea Ice Secure.” Sustainable Futures North. Available at:

Session 5

None Listed

Session 6

PDF Project Overview and Rubric (Available as PDF in the Resources folder in the dropbox)

Session 7

In 1996 the World Bank established a research program on the topic that supported considerable research and discussion:,,contentMDK:20194767~menuPK:401035~pagePK:148956~piPK:216618~theSitePK:401015~isCURL:Y,00.html


This discussion has tapered off over the last few years although there is a very active network with related resources that has been very effective at advancing our understanding and evidence relating to the topic, and


Beckley, Thomas M., Diane Martz, Solange Nadeau, Ellen Wall, and Bill Reimer (2008) Multiple Capacities, Multiple Outcomes: Delving Deeper into the Meaning of Community Capacity, Journal of Rural and Community Development 3, 3:56-75.


Reimer, Bill, Lyons, Tara, Ferguson, Nelson, and Polanco, Geraldina, (2008) “Social capital as social relations: the contribution of normative structures” Sociological Review, 56:2, pp 256-274.


Reimer, Bill and Masashi Tachikawa (2008) Capacity and Social Capital in Rural Communities, Chapter 6 in Apedaile, Peter and Nobuhiro Tsuboi, Revitalization: Fate and Choice, Brandon: Rural Development Institute, 15 pp:


Chandler, Lalonde, Sokall, Halllet, (2003:43) Personal Persistence, Identity Development, and Suicide: A Study of Native and Non-Native North American Adolescents.


Session 8

None listed

Session 9

Students could look through the following online resources for some best-practices for fact sheet and policy brief preparation.


Section 15: Creating Fact Sheets on Local Issues. Available at:


Guidelines for Writing a Policy Brief. Available at:


Toolkit for Researchers: How to Write a Policy Brief. Available at:


Some examples of high-quality fact sheets:

Session 10

WWF’s 1-page summary of social and environmental justice (Available as PDF in the Resources folder in the dropbox)

Session 11

None listed

Session 12

None listed

Session 13

None listed

Session 14

None listed

Session 15

Loring, Philip A., S. Craig Gerlach, and Henry P. Huntington. 2013. “The New Environmental Security: Linking Food, Water, and Energy for Integrative and Diagnostic Social-Ecological Research.” Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development 3(4): 55–61. doi:10.5304/jafscd.2013.034.005. (Available as PDF in the Resources folder in the dropbox)

Session 16

Preview the Large Animal Research Station (LARS) website (optional):

Session 17

None listed

Session 18

Thomas G. Johnson, Ira Altman, Rural development opportunities in the Bioeconomy, 2014, Biomass and Bioenergy 63:341-344. (Available as PDFs in the Resources folder in the dropbox)

Pagani, Marco; Vittuari, Matteo; Johnson, Thomas G.; De Menna, Fabio, An assessment of the energy footprint of dairy farms in Missouri and Emilia-Romagna, «AGRICULTURAL SYSTEMS», 2016, 145, pp. 116-126


  1. Cuellar, M. Weber (2011), Wasted Food, Wasted Energy:


FAO (2014), Walking the Nexus Talk: Assessing the Water-Energy-Food Nexus in the Context of the Sustainable Energy for All Initiative (Executive Summary), Rome.

Session 19

(Available as PDFs in the Resources folder in the dropbox)

Parry, Martin. (2007). “Climate change is a development issue, and only sustainable development can confront the challenge.” Climate and Development. IPCC 2007 Assessment of Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Centre for Environmental Policy and Grantham Institute. Imperial College, London.


Boyd, Emily, Natasha Grist, Sirkku Juhola, and Valerie Nelson. (2009). “Exploring Development Futures in a Changing Climate: Frontiers for Development Policy and Practice.” Development Policy Review, 27(6): 659-674.


Climate and Development Knowledge Network. Policy Brief. August 2011. “Climate change and poverty reduction.”


Adger, W.Neil., Saleemul Huq, Katrina Brown, Declan Conway, and Mike Hulme. (2003). “Adaptation to climate change in the developing world.”


Campos, Minerva, Alejandro Velázquez, Michael McCall. (2014). “Adaptation strategies to climatic variability: A case study of small-scale farmers in rural Mexico.” Land Use Policy, 38 (533-540).

Session 20

Relevant Readings Suggested by Dr. Thiam

Bueno de Mesquita, Bruce, Alastair Smith, Randolph M. Siverson, & James D. Morrow.  2003. The Logic of Political Survival. Cambridge: The MIT Press.


Goldemberg, José, et al.  1996. “Accelerated Development and Adoption of Renewable Energy Technologies.” In International Academy of the Environment.


Halsnæs, K. and J. Verhagen.  2007.  Development based climate change adaptation and mitigation – Conceptual issues and lessons learned in studies in developing countries. In Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, first published online Accessed 06/10/16.


Olson, Mancur. 1965. The Logic of Collective Action. Harvard University Press.


Porritt, Jonathon.  1984.  Seeing Green: The Politics of Ecology Explained Book by Jonathon Porritt. Blackwell Publishers.


Toth, Ferenc L., et al. 2002. “Exploring Options for Global Climate Policy: A New Analytical Framework, Environment.” Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development, 44 (5): 25-34.

Session 21

Preview the Cold Climate Housing Research Center website (optional):

Session 22

None listed

Session 23

(Available as PDFs in the Resources folder in the dropbox)

Please review Kloppenburg et al. 2006 and Tregear 2011 prior to the morning session. Focus on sections 3 and 4 of the Tregear paper.


Kloppenburg, J., Hendrickson, J. & Stevenson, G.W., 1996. Coming into the Foodshed. Agriculture and Human Values, 13(3), pp.33–42.


Tregear, A., 2011. Progressing knowledge in alternative and local food networks: Critical reflections and a research agenda. Journal of Rural Studies.

Session 24

Preview Calypso Farm and Ecology Center’s website (optional):

Session 25


At the beginning of our session we will show this UNEP video. Related readings are below on numbers 2 and 3. Longer resource readings follow.


Is nicely contextualizing food security and food waste in a context of sustainable food systems.


Stop trying to Solve Hunger with Corporate Food Waste:


Reduction of Food Loss and Waste: An Exaggerated Agitation, Ulrich Koester:


How ‘Ugly’ Fruits and Vegetables Can Help Solve World Hunger:


Optional longer references:

Voices of the Hungry  Measures by country in Appendix table A-1


Household Food Security in the USA


Background paper on the economics of food loss and waste, FAO


State of Food Insecurity in the world 2015, FAO


Food wastage footprint: Impacts on natural resources:

Session 26

Pagani, Marco; Vittuari, Matteo; Johnson, Thomas G.; De Menna, Fabio, An assessment of the energy footprint of dairy farms in Missouri and Emilia-Romagna, «AGRICULTURAL SYSTEMS», 2016, 145, pp. 116-126


Gianluca Brunori et al. (2016), Are Local Food Chains More Sustainable than Global Food Chains? Considerations for Assessment, Sustainability, 8(5), 449; doi:10.3390/su8050449.


ReFED (2016), A Roadmap to reduce U.S. food waste by 20 percent. Available at:


Food waste EU Actions:

Session 27

None listed

Session 28

Preview Chena Hot Springs Resort’s website (optional):

Session 29

Review Bernie Karl’s biosketch (found in the Guest Lecturers section of this program)

Session 30

None listed

Session 31

Please review the following biosketches (found in the Faculty section of this program):

  • Wayne Kelly
  • Todd Radenbaugh
  • Sean Topkok
  • Alysa Loring

Session 32

Suggested Readings:

Jessica Hagen-Zanker, Why do people migrate? A review of the theoretical literature. Working Paper.


Çaglar Özden and Maurice Schiff Editors. (2006) International migration, remittances and the brain drain.


Migration Policy Institute – Migration Data Hub:


 UN –Department of Economic and Social Affairs :

and also :


de Lima, P. (2014) Reconciling labour mobility and cohesion policies in Coups, A. and de Lima, P. (ends) Territorial Cohesion in Rural Europe, London: Rutledge, Chapter 7, p126-148.


de Lima, P., Para and Pfeiffer ( 2012) ‘Conceptualizing Contemporary Immigrant Integration in the Rural United States and United Kingdom’, in Shucksmith et al (eds) Rural Transformations and Rural Polices in the UK and US. London: Routledge.


For the case of Mexico

Pew Hispanic Center, (2012), Net Migration from Mexico Falls to Zero—and Perhaps Less


Graybeal, Michael (2011) Mexico´s Economy Policy and migration. Dealing with the causes. Available at:

Session 33

None listed

Session 34

None listed

Session 35

None listed

Session 36

Please review the following biosketches (found in the Faculty section of this program):

  • Judith Stallmann
  • Robert Zabawa
  • Tom Johnson
  • Heather Hall
  • Philomena De Lima

Session 37

None listed

Session 38

None listed

Session 39

None listed

Session 40

None listed

Session 41

Acs, S., Hanley, N., Dallimer, M., Gaston, K. J., Robertson, P., Wilson, P., & Armsworth, P. R. (2010). The effect of decoupling on marginal agricultural systems: implications for farm incomes, land use and upland ecology. Land Use Policy, 27(2), 550-563.


Berger, T., Schreinemachers, P., & Woelcke, J. (2006). Multi-agent simulation for the targeting of development policies in less-favored areas. Agricultural Systems88(1), 28-43.


Cantelaube, P., Jayet, P. A., Carre, F., Bamps, C., & Zakharov, P. (2012). Geographical downscaling of outputs provided by an economic farm model calibrated at the regional level. Land Use Policy29(1), 35-44.


Caraveli, H. (2000). A comparative analysis on intensification and extensification in Mediterranean agriculture: dilemmas for LFAs policy. Journal of Rural Studies16(2), 231-242.


Caskie, P., Davis, J., & Wallace, M. (2001). Targeting disadvantage in agriculture. Journal of Rural Studies17(4), 471-479.


Darnhofer, I. (2014). Resilience and why it matters for farm management. European Review of Agricultural Economics.


DAFM (2012) Value for Money Review of the Disadvantaged Areas Scheme.


Dax, T., & Hellegers, P. (2000). Policies for Less Favoured Areas 1. CAP Regimes and the European Countryside: Prospects for Integration Between Agricultural, Regional, and Environmental Policies, 179.


Eickhout, B. V., van Meijl, H., Tabeau, A., & Van Rheenen, T. (2007). Economic and ecological consequences of four European land use scenarios. Land use policy24(3), 562-575.


Eliasson, Å., R. J. A. Jones, F. Nachtergaele, D. G. Rossiter, J-M. Terres, Jos Van Orshoven, H. Van Velthuizen, K. Böttcher, P. Haastrup, and C. Le Bas (2010). “Common criteria for the redefinition of Intermediate Less Favoured Areas in the European Union.” Environmental Science & Policy 13, no. 8: 766-777.


Fritzsch, J., Wegener, S., Buchenrieder, G., & Curtiss, J. (2011). Is there a future for semi-subsistence farm households in Central and southeastern Europe? A multiobjective linear programming approach. Journal of Policy Modeling33(1), 70-91.


Gillmor, D. A. (1977). EEC scheme for farming in less-favoured areas. Irish Geography10(1), 101-108.


Green Stuart and Cathal O’Donoghue (2013), Assessing the Geographic Representativity of Farm Accountancy Data. International Journal of Geo-Information. Vol 2 (1):50-66.


Hanley, N., Colombo, S., Mason, P., & Johns, H. (2007). The reform of support mechanisms for upland farming: paying for public goods in the severely disadvantaged areas of England. Journal of Agricultural Economics58(3), 433-453.


Johns, Helen, Ece Ozdemiroglu, Nick Hanley, Sergio Colombo, Alistair Hamilton, Tony Hyde (2006) Economic Valuation of Environmental Impacts in the Severely Disadvantaged Areas Final Report Submitted to Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.


Lipper, L., Pingali, P., Zurek, M., Ruben, R., Pender, J., & Kuyvenhoven, A. (2007). Less-favoured areas: looking beyond agriculture towards ecosystem services. Sustainable poverty reduction in less-favoured areas. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, 442-460.


Li, J., & O’Donoghue, C. (2014). Evaluating binary alignment methods in microsimulation models. Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation17(1), 15.


López-i-Gelats, F., Milán, M. J., & Bartolomé, J. (2011). Is farming enough in mountain areas? Farm diversification in the Pyrenees. Land Use Policy28(4), 783-791.


MacDonald, Donna, J. R. Crabtree, Georg Wiesinger, Thomas Dax, Nikolaos Stamou, Philippe Fleury, Juan Gutierrez Lazpita, and Annick Gibon. (2000) “Agricultural abandonment in mountain areas of Europe: environmental consequences and policy response.” Journal of Environmental Management 59, no. 1. 47-69.


Meert, H., Van Huylenbroeck, G., Vernimmen, T., Bourgeois, M., & Van Hecke, E. (2005). Farm household survival strategies and diversification on marginal farms. Journal of rural studies21(1), 81-97.


Mottet, A., Ladet, S., Coqué, N., & Gibon, A. (2006). Agricultural land-use change and its drivers in mountain landscapes: a case study in the Pyrenees. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment114(2), 296-310.


O’Donoghue, C., Ballas, D., Clarke, G., Hynes, S., & Morrissey, K. (Eds.). (2013). Spatial microsimulation for rural policy analysis. Springer.


Rubin, D. B. (1986). Statistical matching using file concatenation with adjusted weights and multiple imputations. Journal of Business & Economic Statistics4(1), 87-94.


Ruben, R., & Pender, J. (2004). Rural diversity and heterogeneity in less-favoured areas: the quest for policy targeting. Food Policy29(4), 303-320.


Scherr, S. J., & Yadav, S. (1996). Land degradation in the developing world (No. 44). International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).


Schulte, R. P. O., Fealy, R., Creamer, R. E., Towers, W., Harty, T., & Jones, R. J. A. (2012). A review of the role of excess soil moisture conditions in constraining farm practices under Atlantic conditions. Soil Use and Management28(4), 580-589.


Sherlund, S. M., Barrett, C. B., & Adesina, A. A. (2002). Smallholder technical efficiency controlling for environmental production conditions. Journal of development economics,69(1), 85-101.


Shortall, S. (2002). Gendered agricultural and rural restructuring: a case study of Northern Ireland. Sociologia Ruralis, 42(2), 160-175.


Štolbová, M., Hlavsa, T., & Lekešová, M. (2010). Methods of calculating the handicaps of less favoured natural conditions. Agricultural Economic (Czech)56(5), 215-223.


Štolbová, M. (2007). Comparative analysis of less-favoured areas payments in the EU states. Agricultural Economics–czech53(10), 455-465.


Štolbová, M. (2008). Eligibility criteria for less-favoured areas payments in the EU countries and the position of the czech republic. Agricultural Economics–czech54(4), 166-175.


Střeleček, F., Lososová, J., & Zdeněk, R. (2008). Economic results of agricultural holdings in less favoured areas. Agricultural Economics-Zemedelska ekonomika54(11), 510-520.


Strijker, D. (2005). Marginal lands in Europe—causes of decline. Basic and Applied Ecology6(2), 99-106.


Verburg, P. H., Schulp, C. J. E., Witte, N., & Veldkamp, A. (2006). Downscaling of land use change scenarios to assess the dynamics of European landscapes. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment114(1), 39-56.


Wathern, P., Young, S. N., Brown, I. W., & Roberts, D. A. (1986). The EEC Less Favoured Areas Directive: implementation and impact on upland land use in the UK. Land Use Policy3(3), 205-212.

Session 42

Recommended Reading:

Anríque, G. and Kostas Stamoulis , K. (2007) Rural Development and Poverty Reduction:
Is Agriculture Still the Key? ESA Working Paper No. 07-02. Available from :

(Available as PDF in the Resources folder in the dropbox)


UN website on Rural poverty :


Other reading that may be of interest:

de Lima et al. (2014) TIPSE (The Territorial Dimension of Poverty and Social Exclusion in Europe). Two rural case studies- Scotland and Spain. Available from:


Ramos –Lobato, I. and Weck, S. (2013)  Comparative Analysis Case Studies. TIPSE Final Report . Espon. Available from:


Talbot, H., Ali Madanipour, A. and Shucksmith, M. (2013) Review of Concepts of poverty and social exclusion in Europe. TIPSE Final Report, Annex 1. ESPON.  Available from:


Recommended Reading by Dr. Bollman:

Rupnik, Carlo, Margaret Thompson-James and Ray D. Bollman. (2001) “Measuring Economic Well-Being of Rural Canadians Using Income Indicators.”  Rural and Small Town Canada Analysis Bulletin Vol. 2, No. 5 (Ottawa: Statistics Canada, Catalogue no. 21-006-XIE). (


Recommended Reading by Dr. O’Donoghue:

O’Donoghue, C., Loughrey, J. and Sologon, D.M. (n.d.). Decomposing the Drivers of Changes in Inequality during the Great Recession in Ireland. (Available as PDF in the Resources folder in the dropbox)

Session 43

Stallmann, J., & Patron, E. (2012). Jurisdictional spillovers and decentralized local governments. In Local Governments in a Global Context: Conference Proceedings (p. 117-138). Khon Kaen: College of Local Administration, Khon Kaen University. (Available as PDF in the Resources folder in the dropbox)


Gibson, R., & Vodden, K. (2010). Regional collaboration and the economy of the Burin Peninsula. St John’s: Memorial University of Newfoundland. Available at (Available as PDF in the Resources folder in the dropbox)